How Much Vegetable Yield Do Vegetable Plants Produce?
I was surprised to see some rather lackluster estimations for how much production you should be expecting from your vegetable garden. Blog after blog seems to just copy and paste the same numbers. It seems clear to me that many of these writers have never really bothered to track the amount of vegetables from each vegetable plant in their garden. Of course, if they've never even grown the crop, then I suppose it's not much of a surprise after all. Well, I've been documenting my real life harvests from just a few plants in my urban garden. Here are some REAL numbers that will more accurately predict the potential for growing veggies at home!
- How Many Pounds of Produce Do Vegetable Plants Produce?
- How many pounds of tomatoes can one plant produce?
- How many pounds of sweet peppers do you get per plant?
- How many pounds of zucchini are produced per plant?
- How many pounds of cucumbers can a plant produce?
How Many Pounds of Produce
Do Vegetable Plants Produce?
Tomatoes are an extremely popular homegrown vegetable. Whether grown for fresh eating or for canned sauces, growing your own tomatoes can save you quite a lot of money on your groceries. But how many plants should you get? And how big will the harvest be? There are many factors that will impact your yield.
VARIETY: There are two basic types of tomatoes: determinates and indeterminates. The determinate types of tomatoes grow to a set size and then ripen their fruit all at once. But after that, the crop is generally finished. Indeterminate tomatoes will continually grow as long as they are exposed to favorable conditions. And once they begin to produce fruit they will continue to do so right up until the plants die.
In addition, you also have various sizes and cultivars. On one end of the spectrum, there are cherry tomatoes which can produce hundreds and hundreds of tiny fruits. On the other end, beefsteak type tomatoes a large and meaty easily reaching one to even two pounds in size. You'll get less tomatoes, but the total crop size can still be impressive. In the middle range, there are also Roma or paste tomatoes which can produce a bumper crop.
ENVIRONMENT: Two growers can grow the exact same tomato variety, but they may get very different harvest sizes. Tomatoes love the heat and can grow quite large if given the right conditions. To get the best yield, tomatoes should be grown in a warm climate, given full sunlight and supplied with lots of water. Good soil and plenty of nutrients are also vital for optimal results. Just be careful not to supply too much nitrogen or you might get massive plants that have very little fruit on them.
CULTIVATION: To further enhance production, tomato growers will employ a variety of techniques to tweak the growth of their plants. At a minimum your tomatoes should be staked or caged to offer structural support. Many people prefer to snip off suckers as they emerge to discourage bushy vegetative growth. It's common to clip off low hanging leaves that touch the soil. This reduces disease transmission. Some growers will train their tomatoes vertically, wrapping them along twine much like a vining plant. Excess leaves might be completely pruned off to emphasize fruit production. All of these things will influence your yield.
MY RESULTS: The internet claims that tomatoes can produce between 10 to 12 pounds. I suppose that's true for some. But I've seen that tomatoes can product much, MUCH more than that! In 2021 I only grew two tomato plants (Early Girl and Marianna's Peace). The plants grew 12 inches apart in the corner of one of my sub-irrigated planters. I had a 4 month harvest window. By the time the season ended, I had harvested 74.9 pounds of tomatoes. So for me, a tomato can easily produce 35 pounds of fruit per plant!
Bell peppers are quite expensive. If you grow them yourself, you can save quite a bit of money. I'll eat some fresh in the Summer. I'll also roast peppers and then batch cook and freeze roasted red pepper soup. You can also dice up peppers and freeze them for soup and chili recipes. This makes it worth growing as many as you can use.
VARIETY: Bell peppers are not the only option if you're looking for sweet peppers. You can also try growing Cubanelle or Italian Marconi. These types of peppers are long and tapered. The plants grow taller and produce more prolifically than many bell varieties. They are perfect for roasting.
MY RESULTS: In 2021 I grew 4 orange bell peppers (Orange Sun). I harvested 11 fully ripened peppers per plant. The average yield was 3.7 pounds per pepper plant. For my red Marconi sweet peppers, my plants averaged 31 peppers per plant. Each pepper plant produced 6.3 pounds of ripe peppers on average. In addition, I pulled 60 green peppers from both types of pepper plants for a total harvest of 10.8 pounds. The harvest window lasted 3 months and all of the plants were squeezed into a 40" x 30" area in an SIP bed. Based on these results sweet peppers should produce 4 to 8 pounds of peppers per plant, depending on variety and cultivation method.
Many sites claim that the average zucchini plant can produce either "3 to 9" or "3 to 10" pounds of produce. Have these writers actually grown zucchini!? Supposedly zucchini plants will continue to produce zucchinis into the Fall until the cold weather kills the plant. I've never retained my plants for that long, but I can tell you that zucchinis can pump out MUCH more than 9 or 10 pounds of fruit.
CULTIVATION: From what I've seen, the biggest enemy to a zucchini plant's longevity is pests and disease. Squash vine borers can be devastating to the plant if you don't keep them at bay. The larvae can chew through plant stems, working their way to the center of the plant. Then there is powdery mildew, which may show up on leaves as a white powdery coating, eventually spreading to the whole plant. Both problems may cause plants quickly decline or even die. But the solution to both is the same: Cut off old, wilting, or diseases leaves near the trunk of the plant. If you're quick to spot pest and disease issues, you may be able to greatly extend your zucchini plant's lifespan, which in turn, will increase your yield.
MY RESULTS: I get excellent results growing Cashflow zucchini in my self-watering raised bed. In 2022 my two plants yielded 30 pounds within a 30 day window. That's 15 pounds of zucchini per plant in 1 month! Clearly you could expect to get more than just 9 or 10 pounds. In case you're wondering, each zucchini plant produced 18 fruit averaging 13.5 oz in size.
Here again, I've read some very underwhelming estimates for how many cucumbers you can expect to get per plant. The average cucumber yield is supposed to be a mere 10 fruits per plant at 6 ounces each (3.75 pounds total). My personal experience shows this to be a gross underestimate.
MY RESULTS: I've been growing two cucumber plants in my elevated SIP garden box, on a fairly short trellis. In 1 month my cucumber plants ("Homemade Pickles") produced 60 fruit, weighing a total of 22 pounds! I was picking them at an average size of 5.2 ounces. This means a well cared for cucumber plant can easily produce 30 cucumbers totaling 11 pounds, perfect for pickling recipes!